Total knee replacement surgery is commonly performed for painful degenerative arthritis of the knee, post traumatic arthritis and other conditions such as inflammatory arthritis like rheumatoid. Treatment reduces pain and improves function and flexibility. The surgeon will normally discuss all non-operative measures like activity modifications, weight loss, optimizing medication, temporary injections of steroid/hyaluronic acid and physiotherapy before considering surgical options.
Dr. Nizam performs both computer navigated and non-navigated knee replacements. Normally the femoral and tibial surfaces are replaced with extremely durable metal-alloy implants with a plastic insert between. The patella may or may not be resurfaced, depending on the condition of individual knees.
A Tourniquet is NOT used in majority of cases around the thigh. In Dr. Nizam’s experience they may lead to post operative thigh pain with a risk of reduced mobility and range of movement.